Appendix 2: Accidentals

This section lists the native birds that turn up here very occasionally and unforeseeably, with very few records over time. Some are classed as a “rare vagrant” at national level.

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
One record, accepted by the Rarities Committee, of a male on passage through Sierra de Andújar on 30 March 2002.

Wigeon Anas penelope
One record only, a 50-strong flock in the inlet waters of El Pintado Reservoir on 6 February 2005.

Greenshank Tringa nebularia
This bird is perhaps a rare but regular migrant in the area though as yet there is only one record of a bird seen at the ponds of Dehesa de Upa (Cazalla).

Great Bustard Otis tarda
There are some old records from Llanos de Guadalcanal. The most recent records involve a bird seen in Viar valley (summer 2011) and a flock reported in the campiña of Montoro in spring 2012.

Bearded Tit Panurus biarmicus
One interesting record of two chasing pairs in a reedbed at Puente Nuevo Reservoir on 11 March 2001.

Water Pipit Anthus spinoletta
One known sighting at Jándula Reservoir on 21 March 1999. This species might well be a rare but regular migrant that slips through unnoticed.

Common Tern Sterna hirundo
A bird ringed in Ireland was found dead in La Senda, right in the middle of the Sierra Morena Sevillana pseudosteppe, in the eighties.

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
One record of several birds on the ground in Llanos de Guaditoca.

Red-Flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus
A female was ringed in the Reserva Biológica Puerto Moral (Aroche) in October 2008.

Sanderling Calidris alba
A bird ringed in the UK in 1984 was found dead at Las Navas de la Concepción on 27 December 1986. This is the only record for Sierra Morena, and something of a surprise for a bird that hardly ever heads inland from the coast.

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
A bird was seen at José Torán Reservoir on 8 October 2011, coinciding with a significant influx with records from all over the Iberian Peninsula. The record was not sent up for acceptance.

Temminck’s Stint Calidris temminckii
One record on a farm pond on the Upa estate in Cazalla de la Sierra.

Carrion Crow Corvus corone
One old record from the late seventies of a bird at Llanos de Guadalcanal.

Red-Necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
One bird seen at Encinarejo Reservoir on 15 December 2000.

Great Black-Backed Gull Larus marinus
On 23 November 1997 an immature bird was seen at El Pintado Reservoir.

Eleonora’s Falcon Falco eleonorae
At least two known records: a dark-phase bird was seen flying north at Sierra de Andújar on 21/05/2004, and a satellite tagged bird from Islas Columbretes (Castellón) flew over the central sector of Sierra Morena (Córdoba-Seville) in mid July 2011.

Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
A young satellite-tagged female from Hungary crossed western Sierra Morena (Seville-Huelva) heading for the Straits of Gibraltar on 15 September 2009. This bird’s use of such a westerly migration route raised the eyebrows of many ornithologists, and it in fact represented only the second accepted Saker record in Spain. Sadly the bird, called Piros, was found dead in Mauritania this same autumn.

Yellow-Browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
One record, not sent up for acceptance, of a bird seen and heard at Rivera de Huéznar on 17 November 2008, coinciding with an influx of this northern species in the Iberian Peninsula.

Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Only one record in the area of a bird singing on the banks of the stream Fuente del Rey (Aracena) on 27 April 2003.

Striped Crake Porzana marginalis
On 12 December 2010 a Striped Crake was surprisingly found right in the middle of Las Navas de la Concepción, apparently in a rude state of health. It was released next day in a nearby stream. This is the only record for Spain of this sub-Saharan species. It has been sent up for acceptance.

Scaup Aythya marila
One young drake on 7 January 1996 at El Pintado Reservoir.

Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
One bird in a flock of Pochards in a gravel pit of Charcones de la Norieta (Bailén) in March 2009.

Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus
Satellite tracking of tagged birds released in the sierras of Cazorla and Castril as part of the Andalusia Lammergeier Reintroduction Programme has shown that these birds occasionally fly over Sierra Morena. The bird baptised Faust, for example, was detected in Sierra de Hornachuelos (May-June de 2007); another named Cata in eastern Sierra Morena (June 2010); Tranco in northern Sierra de Andújar (May 2011); Húescar around El Centenillo-Despeñaperros (May 2011) and Hortelano in Parque Natural Sierra de Cardeña and Montoro (March 2012). An immature bird was also sighted in northern Sierra Morena Sevillana in early 2012.

Black-Necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
One record of a group of 5 birds at Yeguas Reservoir on 2 October 2010.